[14] Johannesburg is the seat of the Constitutional Court, the highest court in South Africa. After the war, they were replaced by black workers, but many Chinese stayed on, creating Johannesburg's Chinese community, which during the apartheid era, was not legally classified as "Asian", but as "Coloured". Visitors can get a feeling for the layout of the city by visiting the Carlton Centre, in the south-eastern area of the CBD, which has an observation deck on the 50th floor. The buses run on their own dedicated bus lanes on the main trunk and complementary routes. [26], Mines near Johannesburg are among the deepest in the world, with some as deep as 4,000 metres (13,000 ft). [72] The UN's Population Division in 2016 estimated the metropolitan area population to be 9,616,000.[7]. [117], In 2010, a high-speed rail link was proposed between Johannesburg and Durban. 7% of residents are completely illiterate. [7] Later, in 2006, the number of administrative regions was consolidated, from eleven to seven (see § Regions). 19% of economically active adults work in wholesale and retail sectors, 18% in financial, real estate and business services, 17% in the community, social and personal services and 12% are in manufacturing. Due to its commercial role, the city is the seat of the provincial government and the site of a number of government branch offices, as well as consular offices and other institutions. Many Sotho–Tswana towns and villages in the areas around Johannesburg were destroyed and their people driven away during the wars emanating from Zululand during the late 18th and early 19th centuries (the mfecane or difaqane wars),[24] and as a result, an offshoot of the Zulu kingdom, the Ndebele (often referred to as the Matabele, the name given them by the local Sotho–Tswana), set up a kingdom to the northwest of Johannesburg around modern-day Rustenburg. hospitals in Ruimsig (City of Johannesburg Metropolitan Municipality, Gauteng) Treatment for almost any illness begins by event information regarding the countless medical centres. [9], Following the relative success of iGoli 2002, the city undertook a number of initiatives both to help equalise municipal services benefits, such as the water utility's Free Basic Water policy, and to curb fraud and increase payment percentages, such as the water utility's Operation Gcin'amanzi to repipe areas to eliminate siphonage and to install water meters for excess use. Following the end of the apartheid era, in April 1991 the Central Witwatersrand Metropolitan Chamber was formed as a "people-based" negotiating forum prior to holding a democratic election and the formation of a new administration for the Johannesburg area. Similar Places: 1. Region F which comprises of the Inner City of Johannesburg and Region G which comprises of Orange Farm, Ennerdale and Lenasia (Figure 1). The city has several football clubs in the Premier Soccer League (PSL) and the National First Division. The metropolis is an alpha global city as listed by the Globalization and World Cities Research Network. CITY OF JOHANNESBURG Group Corporate & Shared Services: Group Human Capital Management 6th Floor, B Block Metropolitan Centre, 158 Civic Boulevard, Braamfontein PO Box 1049 Johannesburg, South Africa, 2000 Tel +27(0) 11 407 6111 - Fax +27(0) 11 339 1878 www.joburg.org.za VACANCY BULLETIN: STC 013/2020 SHORT TERM CONTRACT EMPLOYMENT - (STC) This Vacancy is ONLY open to Employees of the City of Johannesburg 1. Ennerdale Library Ext 9 Library. Johannesburg is the economic and financial hub of South Africa, producing 16% of South Africa's gross domestic product, and accounts for 40% of Gauteng's economic activity. In the 1950s and early 1960s, the apartheid government constructed the massive agglomeration of townships that became known as Soweto. Metrobus' fleet carries approximately 20 million passengers per annum. Jan, Johann and Johannes were common male names among the Dutch of that time; two men involved in surveying the area for the best location of the city, Christian Johannes Joubert and Johann Rissik, are considered the source of the name by some. (previously Region 11) There are 10 utilities, including electricity which is run by City Power Johannesburg, water and sanitation which is run by Johannesburg Water, and solid waste management, also known as Pikitup. Johannesburg (also Jo'burg, Egoli or Jozi) is a large metropolis and South Africa's largest city.. Malvern Library . [49] Johannesburg, like many metropolises, has more than one central business district (CBD), including, but not limited to, Sandton, Rosebank and Roodepoort in addition to the original CBD. Region G City of Johannesburg About us Clinics Councillors Customer Service Centers Libraries Recreation Centers Swimming pools Suburbs Region G City of Johannesburg It looks like your browser does not have JavaScript enabled. Southdale Library. Pedi 22%, Venda 15%, Tswana 13%, Zulu 11%, Ndebele 7%, Sotho 7%, Tsonga 7%, English 4%. In the PSL, the top Johannesburg teams are all fierce rivals and include Kaizer Chiefs (nicknamed Amakhosi), Orlando Pirates (nicknamed the Buccaneers), Moroka Swallows and Wits University (nicknamed the Clever Boys). Originally an acronym for "South-Western Townships", Soweto originated as a collection of settlements on the outskirts of Johannesburg, populated mostly by native African workers from the gold mining industry. [39] About 575 people, the majority of whom were black, were killed in the Soweto uprising of 1976. It lies along the Carrione River in the foothills of the Apuan … The Market Theatre stages plays, comedy shows, and musical performances. Originally a hub for art, it has expanded to include restaurants, entertainment venues and retail stores as well as accommodation and hotels. These were reorganized in 2006 into the current seven regions named alphabetically Region A to Region G, as shown on the map (left).[76]. [44], After being destroyed in 2008 to make way for a motor showroom by Imperial Holdings, the iconic Rand Steam Laundries are now being redeveloped as an exact replica, by the order of the Johannesburg Heritage Council. [5], The government of Johannesburg's metropolitan area evolved over a seven-year period from 1993, when no metropolitan government existed under apartheid, to the establishment in December 2000 of today's Metropolitan Municipality. [81] Between 2001 and 2006, R9-billion (US$1.2  billion) has been invested in the city centre. WE ARE CURRENTLY NOT LOAD SHEDDING . City of Johannesburg’s bulk infrastructure. Ekurhuleni Johannesburg Metro Sedibeng Tshwane & Metsweding West Rand The road is composed of three freeways that converge on the city, forming an 80-kilometre (50 mi) loop around it: the N3 Eastern Bypass, which links Johannesburg with Durban; the N1 Western Bypass, which links Johannesburg with Pretoria and Cape Town; and the N12 Southern Bypass, which links Johannesburg with eMalahleni and Kimberley. All queries for the City of Johannesburg should be channeled through Joburg's Call Centre on 0860 Joburg or 0860 56 28 74 or e-mail [email protected], which is available 24 hours 7 days a week. Johannesburg has 4 major cellular telecommunications operators: Vodacom, MTN, Cell C, and Telkom Mobile. Contact Person: Dimakatso Matlala Email: [email protected] Tel No: (011) 211 8938 Fax: (011) 211 8934 Workplace: Various Clinics Region G Malvern Library . Ennerdale Library Ext 9 Library. Each province determines the structure of local government in its region. Region 7 was an administrative district in the city of Johannesburg, South Africa, from 2000 to 2006.It included the densely populated Alexandra township and was one of Johannesburg's eastern boundary sections, situated in the north-east of the city. Mashaba resigned on 27 November 2019. The Mail & Guardian is an investigative liberal newspaper while The Citizen is a tabloid-style paper, and The Star is a local newspaper that mostly covers Gauteng-related issues. There is also a large industry around visiting former townships, such as Soweto and Alexandra. Ward Councillors have more local responsibilities, including setting up Ward Committees in their wards to raise local issues, commenting on town planning and other local matters in their ward, and liaising with local ratepayers' and residents' associations. [5] In the newly combined metropole services were unnecessarily duplicated. (Eds. Closing date: 03 April 2019. Gauteng City Region Johannesburg – a World Class African City of the Future –a vibrant, equitable African city, strengthened through its diversity; a city that provides real quality of life; a city that provides sustainability for all its citizens; a resilient andadaptive society. The closeness of the new regional administrations with their communities enables them to be more responsive to differing local needs. The container terminal is connected to the Port of Durban, Port of Ngqurha, Port of Cape Town, as well as Southern Africa by road and rail. The city has two television towers, the Hillbrow Tower [131] and the Sentech Tower. Region G World Class African City offices . Part of this failure was a result of the anti-apartheid boycott of paying the government.[9][7]. [73] While the Central Business District and the immediate surrounding areas were formerly desirable living areas, the spatial accommodation of the suburbs has tended to see a flight from the city and immediate surrounds. In 1999, Johannesburg appointed a city manager to reshape the city's ailing financial situation. Johannesburg may not be built on a river or harbour, but its streams contribute to two of southern Africa's mightiest rivers – the Limpopo and the Orange. Covering 3 of greater Johannesburg’s most famous places, the Ultimate Johannesburg Tour is a deep dive into the city’s turbulent history and the strides it has taken since. Hand deliveries to Ennerdale Civic Centre, 1 Smith Walk & Katz Rd, Ennerdale or 158 Civic Boulevard, B Block, 5th Floor, Braamfontein. The country's electronic media is also headquartered in the greater metropolitan region. The northern suburbs have been the recipient of most of the flight from the inner city with the city starting to sprawl northwards and multiple secondary CBDs forming in the north towards Pretoria. An example is the once gangster paradise Braamfontein now hosting the best rated coffeehouse in the world and Newtown hosting an interactive science museum. [84] In 2016 that number had sharply declined to 29.4 per 100.000 inhabitants, placing the murder rate at more than half of that of Cape Town and even below the national average. we provide, selecting one and contacting a medical professional. [75] Cradlestone Mall is a new mall named for its location which is close to the Cradle of Humankind, a World Heritage Site. Pedi 30%, Zulu 21%, Tsonga 10%, Xhosa 8%, Tswana 33%, Zulu 17%, Xhosa 11%, Sotho 9%, Tsonga 8%, Venda 5%, Pedi 4%, Zulu 35%, Xhosa 22%, Sotho 20%, Tsonga 5%, Pedi 19%, Tswana 15%, Zulu 15%, Tsonga 10%, Venda 8%, English 7%, Sotho 6%, Xhosa 6%, Ndebele 5%, Zulu 28%, Sotho 20%, Tsonga 13%, Xhosa 8%, English 5%, Tswana 5%, Pedi 4%, Venda 4%, Afrikaans 4%, Zulu 42%, Sotho 13%, Tsonga 12%, Xhosa 10%, Tswana 5%. The reason given was to separate powers between the legislative and executive bodies of the City. The City of Johannesburg (CoJ) . Johannesburg has a number of regional radio stations such as 94.7 Highveld Stereo, Radiokansel / Radio Pulpit, Kaya FM, Radio 2000, YFM, Metro FM, 5FM, Jacaranda FM, SAfm, Phalaphala FM, Radio 702 and UJFM. For instance, the needs of a high-income commercial centre such as Sandton will be very different from the needs of a low-income area such as Orange Farm. Johannesburg is a young and sprawling city, with its public transportation built in its infancy, geared towards private motorists, and lacks a convenient public transportation system. In a by-election held on 24 July 2019, a ward previously held by a Democratic Alliance councillor was won by the African National Congress candidate. The biggest sprawl lies to the east and north. In 1917, Johannesburg became the headquarters of the Anglo-American Corporation founded by Ernest Oppenheimer which ultimately became one of the world's largest corporations, dominating both gold-mining and diamond-mining in South Africa. Department: Citizen Relationship & Urban Management Branch: Management Support — Region B Designation: Switchboard Operator Salary Range: R12 453.28 pm (basic salary excluding benefits) Appointment Requirements: • Grade 12 / NQF level 4 and telephone etiquette. In cricket, the Highveld Lions represent Johannesburg, the rest of Gauteng as well as the North West at the Wanderers Stadium which was the venue for the 2003 Cricket World Cup Final in which Australia successfully defended their title against India. The De Wildt Cheetah Centre[108] in the Magaliesberg runs a successful breeding program for cheetah, wild dog and other endangered species. Some tend to include Benoni and Germiston as well. Region G is also known as the Deep South and forms the extreme southern boundary of Johannesburg. "Zonk'Izizwe" means "All Nations" in Zulu language, indicating that the centre will cater to the city's diverse mix of peoples and races. The City of Johannesburg reserves the right not to make an appointment. Following the 1993 "Local Government Transition Act", the Greater Johannesburg Negotiating Forum was created, and this forum in September 1994 reached an agreement which entailed regrouping the suburbs into new municipal structures, the metropolitan local councils (MLCs), and the overarching Greater Johannesburg Metropolitan Council,[4] also known as the "Transitional Metropolitan Council" for the city. [19] In fiscal year 2011, the city's audit had R 45,796 million chalked up to fraudulent activities. This excludes development directly associated with the 2010 FIFA World Cup. Johannesburg and environs offer various options to visitors wishing to view wildlife, in addition to the Johannesburg Zoo, one of the largest in South Africa. [citation needed], The Sowetan is one of a number of titles catering for the black market although in recent years it competes against newly arrived tabloids. [55], Regular cold fronts pass over in winter bringing very cold southerly winds but usually clear skies. City of Johannesburg Group Corporate & Shared Services: Group Human Capital Management 6 th Floor, B Block Metropolitan Centre 158 Civic Boulevards Braamfontein PO Box 1049 Johannesburg South Africa 2000 Tel +27(0) 11 407 6111 Fax +27(0) 11 339 1878 www.joburg.org.za Page 2 of 4 PUBLICATION DATE: 26 FEBRUARY 2020 CLOSING DATE: 10 MARCH 2020 The lowest nighttime minimum temperature ever recorded in Johannesburg is −8.2 °C (17.2 °F), on 13 June 1979. South Africans call the city by various names: Egoli ("place of gold" in Sotho), Goudstad ("gold city" in Afrikaans) and Jozi, Joéés or Joburg (sotho, Afrikaans & English slang). Furthermore, the municipal boundaries were expanded to include wealthy satellite towns like Sandton and Randburg, poorer neighbouring townships such as Soweto and Alexandra, and informal settlements like Orange Farm. [38] At their trial, the accused freely admitted that they were guilty of what they were charged with, namely of planning to blow up the hydro-electric system of Johannesburg to shut down the gold mines, but Mandela argued to the court that the ANC had tried non-violent resistance to apartheid and failed, leaving him with no other choice. Following the end of the apartheidera, in April 1991 the Central Witwatersrand Metropolitan Chamber was formed as a "people-based" negotiating forum prior to holding a democratic election and the formation of a new administration for the Johannesburg area. 'West' since it is located west from the city centre and with 'dene' derived from the Old English denu, meaning valley A separate city from the late 1970s until 1994, Soweto is now part of Johannesburg. However, the Metrorail infrastructure was built in Johannesburg's infancy and covers only the older areas in the city's south. [11] The following Local Government Municipal Systems Act no. The Witwatersrand urban complex is a major consumer of water in a dry region. GAUTENG CITY-REGION Chris Wray A dissertation submitted to the Faculty of Engineering and the Built Environment, University of Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, in fulfilment of the requirements for the degree of Master of Science in Engineering. Johannesburg - The number of Covid-19 cases in Gauteng have gone up by 19 in one day, but City of Joburg's Region E has consistently been recording the … The Joburg Theatre complex hosts drama, opera and ballet. Many corporations and institutions, including the stock exchange, moved their headquarters away from the city centre, to suburbs like Sandton. Due to its many different central districts, Johannesburg would fall under the multiple nuclei model in human geography terms. Each was run as a business, with management hired on performance contracts. The Metrorail Gauteng commuter rail system connects central Johannesburg to Soweto, Pretoria, and most of the satellite towns along the Witwatersrand. The city is often described as Africa's economic powerhouse, and contentiously as a modern and prosperous African city. Mining was the foundation of the Witwatersrand's economy, but its importance is gradually declining due to dwindling reserves and service and manufacturing industries have become more significant to the city's economy. Hand deliveries to Ennerdale Civic Centre, 1 Smith Walk & Katz Rd, Ennerdale or 158 Civic Boulevard, B Block, 5th Floor, Braamfontein. [127] The South African School of Motion Picture and Live Performance, or AFDA for short, is situated in Auckland Park. 32 of 2000 replaced the GJMC, its four MLCs and also the neighbouring Midrand Local Authority, with the new "City of Johannesburg Metropolitan Municipality" from 6 December 2000. Greater Johannesburg is South Africa's largest and most vibrant city and includes the former municipalities of Midrand, Randburg, Bedfordview and Sandton. Southdale Library. Each of these performs a service to the public at large – there are no direct charges to individual consumers. Gold had been found in the area as far back as 1853 but it was not until 1886 that anyone realized just how big the gold reserves were. In the 21st century, there was light sleet in 2006, as well as snow proper on 27 June 2007 (accumulating up to 10 centimetres or 4 inches in the southern suburbs)[54] and 7 August 2012. Furthermore, some suburbs were affluent with well-established amenities while neighbouring areas lacked even the most basic of services. These measures include closed-circuit television on street corners. The first settlement at Ferreira's Camp was established as a tented camp and which soon reached a population of 3,000 by 1887. A 200-kilometre expansion is underway and will consist of 3 new lines and 18 new stations, and is expected to cost R18 billion and one-lines (Soweto Mamalodi) could take 4 years to build, most of the new stations will be in Johannesburg. Most visitors to Soweto see the Mandela Museum, which is located in the former home of Nelson Mandela. There is evidence that they lived there up to ten centuries ago. The region surrounding Johannesburg was originally inhabited by San hunter-gatherers who used stone tools. New freeways encouraged massive suburban sprawl to the north of the city. On the 28th of April 2016, Dr Joy Saville facilitated the Lifestyle Advisors training workshop to health promoters of Region G, at the Ennerdale Civic Centre. Lanseria Airport, located to the north-west of the city and closer to the business hub of Sandton, is used for commercial flights to Cape Town, Durban, Port Elizabeth, Botswana, and Sun City. Poortjie Library . Workplace: Region G (Various Clinics). Westdene derives its name from its location, literally meaning west-valley. 15% have primary education. They provide billable services direct to individual households. There is also a line from the O.R. An overall Metropolitan IDP looks at the bigger picture and ensures that LIDPs don't conflict or lead to wasted resources. Johannesburg hosts many of South Africa's premier music events, such as RAMFest's Johannesburg leg,[92][93][94][95] In The City[96] and many international tours. The new numbered regions were subsequently consolidated, in the summer of 2006, to seven regions named Region A to Region G. The current regions are:[26][27]. City Deep Terminal is the name of Africa's largest dry port and was officially opened by the South African Railways Services (SARS) in 1977. The Gillooly's Interchange, built on an old farm and the point at which the N3 Eastern Bypass and the R24 Airport Freeway intersect, is the busiest interchange in the Southern Hemisphere. As of 2006[update] the seven regions are: In the 2016 municipal elections, the ruling party, the ANC, lost their majority in Johannesburg for the first time since taking power in 1994, claiming only 44.12% of the vote. In 2010/11 the municipality faced a qualified audit from the Auditor-General following a large number of billing issues, as the result of the flawed implementation of a SAP system. Infrequent showers occur through the course of the winter months. The service and other industries include banking, IT, real estate, transport, broadcast and print media, private health care, transport and a vibrant leisure and consumer retail market. Johannesburg's suburbs are the product of urban sprawl and are regionalised into north, south, east and west, and they generally have different personalities. [116] An extensive bus feeder system has also been implemented, which allows access to the main stations from the outer suburbs, but is limited to a five-kilometre radius, which neglects the rest of the suburbs. The north-western area, in particular, is vibrant and lively, with the mostly black suburb of Sophiatown once the centre of political activity and the Bohemian-flavoured Melville featuring restaurants and nightlife. 29% of adults have graduated from high school. The University of Pretoria's business school the Gordon Institute of Business Science is located in Illovo, Johannesburg. Precise records for the choice of name were lost. Region F. Yeoville Library. DRAFT REGIONAL SPATIAL DEVELOPMENT FRAMEWORK: 2010/11 Administrative Region A 9 1. The relationship is similar to that of the larger utilities and agencies, such as City Power, and is designed to maximise efficiency. [41], On 12 May 2008, a series of riots started in the township of Alexandra, in the north-eastern part of Johannesburg, when locals attacked migrants from Mozambique, Malawi and Zimbabwe, killing two people and injuring 40 others. Unlike many cities, metered taxis are not allowed to drive around the city looking for passengers and instead must be called and ordered to a destination. Specialist museums cover subjects such as Africana, costume, design, fossils, geology, military history, medical, pharmacy, photography and transportation networks such as railways. [23][24], The municipality covers an area of 1,645 square kilometres (635 sq mi), stretching from Orange Farm in the south to Midrand in the north, and contains two big urban centres, Johannesburg and Midrand, and eleven more smaller urban centres, namely Roodepoort, Diepsloot, Killarney, Melrose Arch, Randburg, Rosebank, Sandton, Soweto, and Sunninghill. This total includes 200 modern buses (150 double-deckers and 50 single-deckers), made by Volvo, Scania AB and Marcopolo/Brasa in 2002. Among southern cities with populations above 1 million people, it has the coldest average low temperatures and the coldest recorded temperature. The ANC regional chair Geoff Makhubo was elected mayor on 4 December 2019, marking the return of the ANC to the city's executive since its ousting in 2016. [citation needed] In the late 1940s and early 1950s, Hillbrow went high-rise. The City of Johannesburg is an equal opportunity employer and reserves the right not to make an appointment. [53], Winter is the sunniest time of the year, with mild days and cool nights, dropping to 4.1 °C (39.4 °F) in June and July. Each region is operationally responsible for the delivery of health care, housing, sports and recreation, libraries, social development, and other local community-based services, and each region has a People's Centre where any city-related transaction can be dealt with. Carrara, city, Massa-Carrara provincia (province), Toscana (Tuscany) regione (region), north-central Italy. [29], The following table shows the results of the 2016 election.[30][31]. [80], Urban renewal has taken place in once no go zones such as Braamfontein, Newtown, and the CBD. [citation needed], As part of the Johannesburg Development Agency's (JDA) policy to make city areas desirable to potential investors, the organisation has identified public art as a way to improve the urban experience of the city. The Market Theatre complex attained notoriety in the 1970s and 1980s by staging anti-apartheid plays and has now become a centre for modern South African playwriting. For other uses, see, "eGoli" redirects here. [86], Johannesburg is home to the National School of Arts, The University of Witwatersrand's School of the Arts and the South African Ballet Theatre,[86][87] as well as the Johannesburg Art Gallery[88] and other prominent cultural landmarks, such as the Mary Fitzgerald Square[86] and numerous other museums, theatres, galleries and libraries. There are numerous kindergartens, primary schools and high schools in the Beeld is a leading Afrikaans newspaper for the city and the country,[citation needed] while the Sunday newspaper City Press is the third largest selling newspaper in South Africa. This Page is automatically generated based on what Facebook users are interested in, and not affiliated with or endorsed by anyone associated with the topic. In spite of being up to 12 lanes wide in some areas, the Johannesburg Ring Road is frequently clogged with traffic. Wanderers Stadium hosted what many cricket fans consider the greatest ever ODI match in which South Africa successfully chased down 434 runs. A part of the Gauteng Provincial Government's Blue IQ Project, Gautrain has made provision for a rapid rail link, running north to south, between Johannesburg and Pretoria, and west to east between Sandton and the OR Tambo International Airport. Gold Reef City, a living museum, was originally part of the Crown Mines Complex, where gold was mined to a depth of 3,000 metres (9,800 ft). However, in certain cases where suburbs are cut in half by the new region boundaries, the entire suburb may be covered in only one of the regions. Regions 2 (), 3 (), and 8 (Central) were to its west, with Midrand also forming its northern boundary. 53% belong to mainstream Christian churches, 24% are not affiliated with any organised religion, 14% are members of African Independent Churches, 3% are Muslim, 1% are Jewish and 1% are Hindu. In 2019, the population of the city of Johannesburg was 5,635,127, making it the most populous city in South Africa. The lowest daytime maximum temperature recorded is 1.5 °C (34.7 °F), on 19 June 1964.[56]. The idea is that smaller regions are able to stay in closer contact with local communities. be any significant changes to the power system. Alternatively phone (011) 407-6095/6200/6130 or e-mail [email protected] City Of Johannesburg Region 4 Phone and Map of Address: Gauteng, 1724, South Africa, Roodepoort, Business Reviews, Consumer Complaints and Ratings for Municipalities in Roodepoort. Johannesburg is one of the largest 50 urban agglomerations in the world and the largest city in the world that is not located on a coast, lake or river. [71], Some authors consider the metropolitan area to include most of Gauteng province. The rail system was designed to alleviate traffic on the N1 freeway between Johannesburg and Pretoria, which records vehicle loads of up to 300,000 per week day. Its continued economic and population growth has depended on schemes to divert water from other regions of South Africa and from the highlands of Lesotho, the biggest of which is the Lesotho Highlands Water Project, but additional sources will be needed early in the 21st century. Pedi 23%, Tsonga 22%, Zulu 21%, Xhosa 7%. One of the main reasons the city was founded where it stands today was because of the gold. [83], Murders in the Johannesburg municipality amounted to 1,697 in 2007 according to the South African Medical Research Council, a rate of 43 per 100.000 inhabitants. [35] Soweto, a township founded for black workers coming to work in the gold mines of Johannesburg, was intended to house 50,000 people, but soon was the home of ten times that number as thousands of rural blacks came to Johannesburg. 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